As the years go on, fine lines, wrinkles, and other signs of aging start to appear, and become more and more pronounced over time. This is in part simply due to the aging process. The skin becomes less elastic as we get older, and the natural production of collagen (a protein largely responsible for providing structure for the skin) decreases. The production of oil also slows down as we get older, making wrinkles more pronounced. These factors, combined with genetics and the fact that we repeat facial expressions, contribute to wrinkles.
In addition to aging, there are other environmental factors that can contribute to wrinkles and other signs of aging. Exposure to ultraviolet light is a big culprit for signs of premature aging, because this light breaks down collagen and elastin in the skin. Smoking may also be responsible for signs of aging, as it similarly damages collagen and elastin.
There are a few professional treatments that you can try to help smooth the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. A dermatologist may recommend treatments like dermabrasion, a chemical peel, laser resurfacing, or Botox. They may also prescribe prescription-strength topical retinoids. Retinoids are derived from vitamin A, and are the gold standard when it comes to minimizing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and other signs of aging.
If you’re looking to try over-the-counter products to reduce wrinkles and prevent future lines from forming, there are a few products to consider adding to your routine. As mentioned, retinoids are incredibly effective at smoothing wrinkles, as they increase collagen production. While you may get the best results from a prescription-strength retinoid, you can also find plenty of lower-strength (but still effective) non-prescription retinoids.
In addition to using a retinoid, exfoliants containing alpha hydroxy acids (like glycolic acid, mandelic acid, and lactic acid) are great for wrinkles. Additionally, serums and other products containing vitamin C, antioxidants, and peptides are also effective when it comes to addressing and preventing fine lines and wrinkles.
Using effective, active ingredients is crucial if you’re looking to minimize the appearance of fine lines, but there are also additional things you can do to support and protect the skin for a more youthful glow. Moisturizing both in the morning and evening is key, as it helps lock in hydration and plump the skin, which can help diminish the appearance of lines. Finally, sun protection is absolutely essential for preventing premature signs of aging. Apply sunscreen daily to protect the skin from damaging UVA and UVB rays, even if you aren’t spending a ton of time outside.